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martes, 12 de febrero de 2013

Alemania frena los planes de extracción de gas con 'fracking'

Alemania acaba de echar el freno a los proyectos de extracción de gas natural mediante la técnica del 'fracking'. La Prensa del país -incluida la versión on line de Der Spiegel, la mayor revista semanal de Europa y la más importante de Alemania- se ha hecho eco de la decisión del Gobierno que lidera Anjela Merkel, que la justifica por su «escepticismo» hacia esa tecnología. «Hay muchas cuestiones abiertas al respecto y primero tenemos que examinarlas cuidadosamente», declara la Administración alemana. A principios de este mimos mes, en Estados Unidos, el país donde más extendido está el uso del 'fracking', el Gobierno de Barack Obama emprendía nuevas regulaciones para mejorar la «transparencia» en el uso de químicos durante esa actividad. Alemania es el tercer país europeo que se opone a esa tecnología junto a Holanda y Francia.
Publicado en El Correo

German environment minister: 'we want to limit fracking'

Conservative politician Peter Altmaier says rules for the new drilling technique will likely be tightened in Germany

'I don’t see in the foreseeable future that fracking will be employed' ... German environment minister Peter Altmaier. Photograph: Gon Alo Silva/Demotix/Corbis
Germany's environment minister said on Monday he did not want to make it easy for companies to "frack" for shale gas and could not see the practice happening in his country in the "forseeable future".
Pending rules for the drilling techniques would likely be tightened, said Peter Altmaier, a conservative politician in chancellor Angela Merkel's government.
"The message is we want to limit fracking, we don't want to facilitate it," he told Deutschlandfunk radio. "And anyway I don't see in the foreseeable future that fracking will be employed anywhere within Germany."
Fracking, or hydraulic fracturing, involves pumping vast quantities of water and chemicals at high pressure through drill holes, which together with vertical drilling helps prop open shale rocks to release trapped gas.
Altmaier said he would recommend that interested parties refrain from applying for exploration licences. So far, only a few small initiatives are under way in the absence of clear-cut rules.
The upper house of parliament, where Merkel's governing coalition no longer has a majority, earlier this month passed a resolution urging the cabinet to tighten rules for fracking, which critics say may increase seismic risks and even pollute drinking water.
Companies such as ExxonMobil and BASF's oil-and-gas arm Wintershall are pushing to explore possibilities, but due to the country's federal structure, individual states can decide whether or not to issue permits.
In the US, the new drilling technique has created a shale gas boom in recent years, freeing the country of the need to import, and changing gas flows and prices in the world market.
Germany produces only 14% of the gas it consumes and imports 40% from Russia.
Industrial gas consumers say they could benefit from fracking, as they need a secure supply at reasonable prices.
But opposition to unknown technologies is growing, and with a national election scheduled for 22 September, opposition parties and government alike are seeking to avoid controversy. Rules for initiatives to try to bury captured carbon from coal-fired power stations have already been tightened so much that the technology is practically dead in Germany.
Publicado en The Guardian

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